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   Travel Information » Attraction
Attraction

South gobi
It is the largest but least populated aimag in Mongolia, with a population density of only 0.3 people per sq km. South Gobi has thousands of blacktailed gazelle, which you may see darting across the open plains. The South Gobi is also home to one quarter of Mongolia?s domesticated camels(two humped camels).

The Gobi Gurvan Saikhan National park (The two million hectare) - provides the main topographic relief in this pancake-flat region. These mountains reach an altitude of 2825m and support a diverse range of wildlife, including the extremely rare snow leopard, wild camel, Gobi bear and so on. It is very rich in dinosaur fossils, natural resources like gold ect and features sand dunes and rock formations.

Bayanzag - which means "rich in saxaul shrubs", is more commonly known as the "Flaming Cliffs". First excavated in 1922, it has been renowned worldwide for the number of dinosaur bones and eggs found in the area, which can you see in the Museum of Natural History in Ulaanbaatar or, mostly, in other museums around the world.

Yolyn Am (Vulture?s Mouth) was originally established to conserve the birdlife in the region, but it?s now more famous for its fascitating scenery - it is a valley in the middle of the Gobi Desert, with metres-thick ice almost all year-round.

Khongoryn Els - the largest and most spectacular sand dunes in Mongolia. Also known as the Duut Mankhan (singing dunes), they are up to 800 m high, 12 km wide and about 100 km long. It is great place to climb over the dunes and slide from the top of the dunes to down.

   

Karakorum
In the year of 1220, Chinggis Khaan, the king of wold wide Mongol Empire, decided to move his capital from the Onon valley in Khentii to Karakorum. Under the control of his son, Ogodei Khan, the construction began after Chinggis? death. Karakorum served as the political, cultural and economic capital of the Mongols for only 40 years, before Kublai Khan moved it to Khanbalik, in what is now Beijing. Following the move to Beijing, and the subsequent collapse of the Mongolian Empire, Karakorum was abandoned and then destroyed by vengeful Manchurian soldiers in 1388. Whatever was left of Karakorum was used to help build Erdenezuu monastery in the 16th century. The city was situated at the crossroads of trade routes and was surrounded by walls with four gates. The centrepiece of the city was the Tumen Amgalan, or palace of Wordly Peace, in the south-west corner of the city. This 2500 sq metre complex, built in 1235, was the palace of Ogodei Khan.

The most memorable highlight of the city was a fountain designed by the french jeweller and sculptor in 1253. The fountain was in the shape of a huge silver tree, which simultaneously dispensed mare?s milk from silver lion?s heads, and wine, rice wine, mead and horse milk from four golden spouts shaped like snake heads. On top of the tree was an angel. On order a servant blew a pipe like a bugle that extended from the angel?s mouth, giving the order for other servants to pump drinks out of the tree. The visualizaton of the city was fortunatelly recorded by famous Italian traveler, Marco Polo.

   

Erdenezuu monastery
Erdenezuu was the first buddhist monastery in Mongolia. The monastery was built in 1586 by Abtai Sain Khan, but it wasn?t entirely finished untill about 300 years later. It had been 60 and 100 temples, approximately 300 gers were set up inside the walls and, at its height, up to 1000 monkhs were in residence. Mongolian architects headed by master Manzshir built Erdenezuu using old Karakorum buildings? foundations, stones and blue bricks. Erdenezuu walls, stupas, temples, statues and sculptures in the temples exemplify high skills of the mongolian masters. The temples of Erdenezuu contain an excellent collection of thangkas, tsam masks, wooden and bronze statues, appliques and papiermache of various gods made in the 16th and 18th centuries. Satisfy the skill and talent of Mongolian sculpture mastres!

   

Terelj
Located nearby Ulaanbaatar, Gorkhi-Terelj National Park at 1600m, the area is cool and alpine scenery is magnificent. The most frequently visited natural tourist sight in Mongolia, and there are great opportunities for hiking, rock climbing, swimming, rafting, and horse riding. The rock formation features incredible shapes, for example a Tortoise shaped rock and so on.

Monument of Tonyukuk - located in the Tuul river basin near small town of Nalaikh. It was made in 744 and devoted to the wise minister Tonyukuk of the Orkhon Turkic State that was prospering in the 4th-7th centers A.D.

   

Mandzushir monastery
Overlooks a beautiful valley of streams, and pine, birch and cedar trees dotted with granite boulders. The monastery, and most of the area between it and Zuunmod, is part of the Bogd Khan Mountain strictly protected area where wildlife, including wolves and foxes, is abundant. Established in 1733, the monastery had over 20 temples and was once home to 350 monkhs. The monastery-museum has exhibits on the layout of Mandzushir and some photos that show what it looked like before the unforgettable communist purge. The museum also has some fine Buddhist art and tsam masks, as well as several examples of the controversial Ganlin horn, made from human thighbones.

   

The Khustain nuruu nature reserve
Established in 1993 to preserve Mongolia's wild takhi horses and the steppe environment in which they live. The takhi is probably the most recognised and successful symbol of Mongolia's diverse and unique wildlife. Also known as Przewalski's Horse (named after the Pole who first took an interest in them), the takhi used to roam in the countryside. In the 1960s they almost were almost extincted because poachers killed them for meat, and the development and livestock overgrazing reduced their fodder. In the early 1990s, with assistance from International Environmental Groups, many takhi were reintroduced into specially protected areas in the 90,000 ha (222,300acre) Khustain Nuruu and in the south Gobi. Nowadays, about 200 of them live in this park or in the wild. The nature reserve is about 100km (62mi) south-west of Ulaanbaatar. It is the easiest destination to start your trip to Khustain from Zuunmod, 40km (25mi) south of Ulaanbaatar.

   

Khubsugul province
In the region around Khubsgul province, the terrain is mainly taiga forest of Siberian larch and pine forests where there?s plenty of rain. The rest of Northern Mongolia is comprised of mountain and forest steppe. In this region, the steppes teem with elk, reindeer and bears and the purest rivers and lakes in the world are crossing over pouring with fish.

Khubsugl lake - one of the most scenic spots in Mongolia. The lake is surrounded by several peaks of almost 3000m in height. To the west, there is the Darkhadyn Khotgor depression, with plentiful forests and lakes. Khubsgul lake is 136 km long, 36 km wide, 262m deep, and is located at an altiitude of 1645 m above sea level. It is the pureest water lake in the world. It is inhabited by nine species of fish including the Siberian grayling and lenok. The wildlife around the lake are rich in species and numbers.

Spirit of the reindeer herders - the far north of Mongolia is an area renowned for its high mountains covered in thick taige forest, crystal clear lakes and rivers teaming with taimen and lennok and lush, green, open valleys. This journey takes you right into the heart of this area known as Lake Khubsgul National Park. We visit the spectacular region just to the north-west of lake Khubsgul to the valley of the great lakes.

It is in this region of Mongolia where Tsaatan (the reindeer-herders) a minority group of people live. Also, it is one of the most remote and difficult area to reach in the country. These reindeer herdsmen live in this area and use reindeers for transporting lifestyle for centuries. On the horseback, we can go deeply into the taiga-forest area and make contact with this unique group of people. The journey then continues at a more leisurely place. We ride through the Khoridal Saridag Mountains to Lake Khubsgul. This pass is special to all Mongolians as it leads to their mother lake. At the peak of the pass is a shaman ovoo which people come to from miles around to offer scarifies to the gods of the mountains. To the locals, the lake is known as the "sea" and is considered a sacred place to all Mongolians especially those who live along it?s shoreline. It is easy to understand why when standing at the edge of the massive expanse of crystal clear water. We spend some time at the lake, walking across surrounded mountains, fishing and enjoying the picturesque natural surroundings. In sunny days, the lake is great place to swim and boating.

   
Eej Khairkhan monument
The waterfall cascades from the peak of the Eej Khairkhan (2.275m) is famous for its beauty. The water flows through nine natural steps, each a pothole eroded in granite, 2 to 3 metres wide, rounded and 2 to 4 metres deep.
   

Tavan Bogd mountain and Altai Tavan Bogd national park
The highest peak in Mongolia rises 4375 m above the sea level in the borders of Mongolia, China, and Russia. Mountain Tavan Bogd located in the Bayan-Olgii province, the western part of Mongolia. This stunningly beautiful park stretches south from Tavan Bogd Uul and includes the three stunning lakes of Khoton nuur, Khurgan nuur and Dayan nuur. The minority ethnic group, The Kasak has a little bit different cultural heritage of Muslim and lifestyle of nomads on the west are also the area travels should behold in Mongolia. The eagle-hunters in the area are great cultural attraction as well.

   

Terkhiin tsagaan nuur
In English White Great Lake, the freshwater lake (and the volcanic area around it) is certainly the highlight and one of the best in a country full of beautiful lakes. Surrounded by extinct and craterous volcanoes.
Khorgo volcano - (2965m) is a dead volcano covered with basalt lying in the east of the Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan (National Park) in Arkhangai province. Interesting bubbles of solidified lave named Basalt ger. It is possible to visit to yak herders. Arkhangai aimag, the northeast slope or the Khangai chain, is called "the Switzerland of Mongolia" for its forests, rivers and wooded hills.

   

Khan Khentii national park
Covers 1.2 million hectares of rugged mountain scenery, forests, wetlands and alpine tundra in the north of Mongolia. The Onon and Kherlen rivers flow through its borders and it is on the southern edge of Siberia?s taiga forest. Rare mammals including the endangered musk deer, and moose, brown bear, wolf, fox, roe, and elk roam in the forests. Historians come to study the ancient burial grounds and Turkish stone engravings. It is an uninhabited wilderness area accessible only on foot or horseback.

 

Baldanbereeven monastery
Visit possibly burial site of Chinggis Khaan. Today we continue driving until we reach a place recently discovered and named as a possible burial place of Chinggis Khaan. In the summer of 2001 and 2002 a joint American-Mongolian expedition conducted research in the hope of discovering the burial site of the Mongolian royal family of the XIIIth century.

   

Shiliin bogd mountain
At 1778 m, it is the highest peak in Sukhbaatar province. The mountain is sacred to many Mongolians, locals believe that the spirit of man who climbs on this steppe mountain can influence him becoming tougher and wiser. Shiliin Bogd offers one of the greatest sunrises in a country full of great sunrises.

   

Sangiin dalai monastery
Built in the late 18th century and dedicated to the Dalai Lama during the first visit to Mongolia by a Dalai Lama, located in the settlement of Erdenedalai. About 500 monks once used the monastery and it was reopened in 1990, and now has a small contingent of 10 monks.

 

Amarbayasgalant monastery
Considered the second most important monastery in Mongolia and the most intact architectural complex in Mongolia. The Manchu Emperor Yongzheng originally built Amarbayasgalant monastery between 1727 and 1737, and dedicated to the Great Mongolian Buddhist and sculptor, Zanabazar (Bogd Javzandamba Khutagt Luvsandambiidundmid), whose mummified body was moved here in 1779. The monastery is in the Chinese style, down to inscriptions, symmetrical layout and imperial colour scheme.

Later the construction was complemented with several temples where regular religious ceremonies were held, so the ground became a real monastery. The 300-year old temples have enamel ceilings and functional pillars with special pipes inside for rain drainage. The 1930-s purges were the most difficult times for the monastery. The monastery was extensively restored between 1975 and 1990 with the help of UNESCO and the Indian lama Gurdavaa Rembuchii. Compared to over 2000 in 1936, Only around 50 monks live in the monastery so far.

Photos
   
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